What is Data Visualization?
Data visualization is the graphical representation of information and data using different visual elements like line charts, bar graphs, etc. The tools provide an accessible way to understand trends and patterns in big data and also help in revealing insights.
Visualization is both an art and a science. Data science requires modeling, testing complex data, and mathematical validation of the facts. However, how one chooses to display this information requires attention to both aesthetic and technical details.
To correctly visualize the data, an excellent visualization tool is mandatory nowadays. With the help of these tools, one can visualize large amounts of data beautifully. Data can be hugely misrepresented due to a lack of understanding or an oversimplified aesthetic treatment.
It also requires an understanding of the raw data and the skills to utilize graphical elements wisely and accurately to depict actionable insights. I assume we must be conscious that statistical evaluation is an area of difficulty to our preferences; i.e., statistics may be manipulated to permit its writer to tease out preferred results.
Thus, we need to be vigilant in reading our statistics. We need to be deft authors of design, using our capability as artists and scientists to unearth the underlying goal truths in our statistical data sets.
Increasing Use of Data Visualization
Many companies have succeeded in implementing analytics in their Business Intelligence Systems. They are using it for accomplishing various purposes. Every aspect of data analysis and business intelligence, whether data warehousing, data mining or visualization, is helping businesses to increase their ROI.
The companies like Amazon, Netflix, etc., are rapidly adopting a data-driven culture. They have been associated with excellence and innovation-driven by facts and metrics programs. They are huge believers in the power of data.
These companies are using the strength of data to improve their products and services. Of course, many other companies have full-fledged analytics programs in place. They are continuing to mature their usage in more and more areas.
However, there is more inertia to using analytics in some of them. They have potential users to improve their adoption of it. But, after assigning good talent to analytics and giving them the right environment, budgets, and tools, they find that the efforts fail to go further in terms of open adoption of the results by the business.
There could be several reasons why even a good quality output does not benefit the business. One reason could, of course, be the lack of adequate drive and interest in analytics from the top. But if that is in place, another reason must be that the results are not presented to the business interestingly and understandably.
Data Visualization as the Solution to Problems
The presentation of results is best done through the visualization of the data. Statistical formulas may hold fascinating meaning for the data sciences team. They are already intimately familiar with the details, but they are nothing more than just lifeless numbers to the lay business user.
Statistics need to be made more easily understandable through the right technique and brought to life with the right story to present them. But unfortunately, knowing how to use them effectively is more an art than a science.
Data Visualization as a Science
Being a part of mathematical and statistical analysis is undoubtedly a science. Therefore, data scientists and analysts apply all the scientific approaches to develop the best output presenting the data. They use scatter plot, pie charts, etc., to visualize critical data.
Features of Data as a Science
- Intuitions for Insights
- Curiosity for Correctness
- Systematic Organization
- Proper Procedures
Despite all these features and possessing a structured scientific approach, it is more an art of presenting data interactively so that any lay business user can understand it. Might he not analyze or predict, but at least he can understand the statistics related to his business.
Data Visualization as an Art
Any presentation of ideas and data is ultimately an art of selling, no matter what the purpose is. And this is why it is important to present the facts in an interesting and relevant way. There are a variety of presentation formats to choose from.
Features of Data as an Art
- Aesthetic Design
- Colour Texture
- Intuitive Understanding
- Open for Innovations
As an art, it comprises all the essentials of being an art right away, from color selection to aesthetic design. It is always open to innovations. The creativity in presenting the data is also a sign of art. Consequently, even though the ability and aptitude of the analyst’s group might be first-rate as far as the nature of their productivity and discoveries.
The capacity to pick the correct presentation technique and utilize the correct devices to feature the central issues while screening out the commotion in the information may have a major effect on the business.
How are Organizations Using Visualization Of Data As An Art?
Organizations are making cross-breed information representation groups, consolidating individuals with insightful and imaginative abilities to make one unit that can dissect the information and present the hidden story.
They change petabytes of often obscure data into meaningful information for the business, making representations that the normal business chief can rapidly comprehend. The “data artist” is certainly not another thing.
One of the first was Charles Minard. He made a measurable representation of Napoleon’s walk-in Moscow. He consolidated a few arrangements of information—number of troops, course, the volume of troops, temperature, and so on—to make what is to a great extent viewed as the primary perception of complex information.
Like a decent story needs chapters or checkpoints en route and should close with a comprehension of the big story and how every one of those turns out together for a net outcome. Furthermore, in particular, it needs a principle character: in this case, the data.
While data analytics are at the foundation of finding insights, it’s not just about transforming that information into graphs any longer; we currently expect to create a story that gives understanding or permits you to make a move.
The “artists” transforming the information into a story need sufficient business experience. To comprehend the business need, the capacity to offer psychological discernment and noteworthy bits of knowledge should be necessary.
Let’s Sum Up
The present visualization scenario is a three-legged stool: science, art, and intellectual discernment. Without all of these, the information stalls out in the “information bucket,” conveying data on a page rather than a meaningful new insight.